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1 / 8 general masterplan: top view

dredging identity | 運河城市

Format| 形式: Research with the MA Landscape Urbanism program at the Architectural Association School of Architecture, London, UK | 倫敦建筑聯盟學院景觀都市主義設計研究
Year | 年份: 2010年
Type | 類型: urban masterplan | 城市總體規劃
Size | 規模: 300 sqkm | 300 平方公里
Location | 地點: Lingang, Shanghai, China | 中國,上海,臨港
Published on | 發表: Urban Flux, Vol. 17, 2011 | 《城市空間設計》期刊 2011年第17期
Exhibited at | 展覽: 2011 Tallinn Architecture Biennale, Estonia | 2011年愛沙尼亞塔林建筑雙年展 identity 02.jpg
2 / 8 site current conditions and original masterplan

Nowadays China is undergoing an unprecedented process of urbanization and millions of people move every year from the countryside to the more developed coastal regions. In order to release the pressure of such migration on the already saturated metropolitan areas, the central government has planned to create as many as twenty new cities every year.


大踏步城市化帶來翻天覆地的變化,既是挑戰,也是機遇。一方面,我們不可能為保持傳統的價值而拒絕城市化的進程,不可能完全與資本的邏輯背道而馳;另一方面,我們要認真而客觀的考慮城市化在環境和社會變化中的代價,這些都必須要被納入城市設計決策的方程式中來權衡得失。 identity 03.jpg
3 / 8 current water system and drainage deficiency

This drastic transformation of the territory offers a unique combination of problems and opportunities. Refusing a mediation with the forces that drive the urbanization would be quite a conservative and unproductive form of resistance. The capitalist logic of profit cannot be totally denied, but the social and environmental effects of the urban transformation should be put into the picture and evaluated as part of the overall balance.

通過對城市化成本系統性的分析,這個設計方案旨在探索一種尊重當地原有自然環境和地貌、以生態系統的優化為重要原則、分期化的、彈性設計的策略,同時兼顧經濟可行性,試圖避免全球化市場驅動發展所帶來的地方性喪失。 identity 04.jpg
4 / 8 project development: meshing

Through a systematic analysis of the costs of urbanization, this project aims to demonstrate that a design based on the specificity of the local morphology, the optimization of the natural systems and a resilient phasing strategy can be a viable economic investment while avoiding at the same time the total annihilation of the local identity, so often associated to globalized market-driven developments.

在最初的規劃方案中,鄉村的原始風貌被完全忽視 ------ 當地建筑和自然風貌消失殆盡,原先依運河而建的線性村莊的獨特肌理徹底喪失,取而代之的是單一功能的巨大分區和高度幾何化的千篇一律的空間格局。 identity 05.jpg
5 / 8 project development: urban prototypes

Lingang was planned as part of the 1966 plan for the regional expansion of Shanghai, on an area of reclaimed land on the head of the Yangtze River Delta, with the goal of housing up to 800,000 inhabitants by 2020.

不僅如此,在環境方面,圍海造田會極大影響到當地的水文系統,鹽沼地的生態環境被破壞,排水受阻,也預埋了潮汛期爆發洪水的隱患。 identity 06_v2.jpg
6 / 8 prototypes proliferation

The original masterplan, organized in a very rigid geometrical fashion, does not take into account two important elements of the site: the existence of a consolidated pattern of linear villages along agricultural canals - which are very valuable not only for their architectural and environmental beauty, but also for their strong social identity - and the presence of the sea, with its ecology based on tidal dynamics.

該項目反思原有總規的薄弱之處,試圖提出一個更加靈活開放的城市物質空間系統:展開一個全新的海岸線設計,同時改善濱海生態系統的狀況,并提供更多親水城市空間;試行一個多中心城市的策略,使整個城市能夠面臨未來變化而自我調整,靈活多變。 identity 06.jpg
7 / 8 prototypes proliferation: bird view

By reconsidering all the economic and ecological variables of the original masterplan, our design aims to create a more dynamic system based on a new coastline that reconciles the natural ecologies with the new urban activities and the creation of multifunctional clusters that can more efficiently adjust to the future changes in the growth of the city.

8 / 8 masterplan phasing

On the one hand, a higher density scheme meets the goals of the original masterplan while allowing the preservation of the existing linear villages, on the other hand, the solution to the insufficient draining capacity of the terrain gives the opportunity to create a new network of canals and water bodies that organize and structure the urban fabric, becoming a crucial element of the public space. Finally, the new design maximizes the coastline and creates a multifunctional water interface, generating a higher land value that can at least partially compensate the costs of the dredging and earthwork needed, making the project economically sound.


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